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Accommodation Health services Sport and gym. This page outlines how to cite different kinds of sources using the Harvard Referencing method. Books In-text A page number is required if you are paraphrasing, summarising or quoting directly: Karskens , p. Present full bibliographic details in the following order: author's surname, and initial s year of publication, title of publication in italics and with minimal capitalisation , edition if applicable. Abbreviated as 'edn' , publisher, place of publication. E-books To cite an E-book In text Cite in-text as for a printed book.
An e-book usually has page numbers: Lloyd , p. List of references Accessed online Lloyd, CB ed. Edited book collections To cite a chapter from a book collection In-text A book collection consists of a collection of articles or chapters, each by different authors, but compiled by editor s. Journal articles print In-text If the page number is required, as it is for summarising, paraphrasing and direct quoting: Kozulin , p.
How to Cite a Government Site Without an Author in APA Format
Place the information in the following order: author's surname and initial year of publication title of the article between single quotation marks and with minimal capitalisation title of the journal or periodical in italic font using maximum capitalisation volume number vol. Journal accessed via a database UNSW library offers students access to the full text of journals articles, newspapers, and other publications through searchable databases.
To cite a journal article from full text database In text Cite as you would a journal article: Nicholls , p. List of references Nicholls, D , "Does the meaning mean a thing?
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Cite the article as you would the same article in a print publication, listing: author s name and initials title of the article between single quotation marks title of journal in italics any publication information volume, number etc. You will NOT include personal communication in the reference list. Example: E.
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Smith, personal communication, January 4, Franklin stated that he spent several summers studying lighting before he planned and executed his experiment personal communication, February 14, So, how do you cite a source that was cited in another source? In this case, you'll want to name the original source in your signal phrase, but, in the parentheses, cite the source where you actually found the information and put that source information on your reference list. Example: Johnson argued that. If it's possible, you should cite electronic documents in the same way any other document is cited with the author-date style.
Example: Cameron explained. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If there's no author or date given, then use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Example: Another study found that students often don't realize there are different citation styles for different academic areas "First Year Students," n. Sources Without Page Numbers: In the case of an electronic source that doesn't have page numbers, you should try to include information that will help your reader locate the information you're citing.
Citing Images in APA - Citation and Plagiarism - Research Guides at University of Oregon Libraries
If the document has numbered paragraphs, then use the abbreviation "para. Example: Smith, , para. If the paragraphs aren't numbered, but the article does have headings, then include, in the in-text citation, the heading where the information was found and specify the paragraph under the heading. Example: Franklin, ,. Pets and Therapy section, para.
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Note: don't use the page numbers you see in your printed out version of a web article. Different computers and printers will print out articles and page numbers differently. APA does not recommend the use of footnotes and endnotes because they are often expensive for publishers to reproduce.
However, if you find that you need explanatory notes, APA does allow for two types of footnotes - content and copyright. What Do I Cite? When Should I Cite? Reference page citation: Create a descriptive title that indicates its format and place it brackets if no title is present.
Spina Bifida Homepage. Tip : If there is very small text on the image, zoom in to reveal who owns the copyright. Due to the fact that images on the web are formatted in a low resolution, the copyright information might be indecipherable. Either click on the camera icon on the search bar to upload an image or you can simply paste the URL in which you found the image. Another option is to drag-and-drop an image into the search bar from your computer.
Tip : If you use a website for both an image and text, and the content is on separate pages, add lowercase letters to your dates, and create separate entries on your reference page. In-text citation: Capitalize all words of the agency, and include the date. The drawing of the unisex newborn baby with jaundice Nucleus Medical Media, displays….
Caption: Look on the bottom of the webpage to find copyright date s. Database name is italicized. Figure 2. Copyright by Nucleus Medical Media. Reference page citation: Include the URL. You can test if a link is persistent by opening another browser and pasting the link into the address bar. Include the format drawing, photograph, chart, etc. Organization Name.
Title of image. Database Name. Nucleus Medical Media Newborn baby with jaundice—Unisex [Drawing]. Smart Imagebase. In-text citation: Cite the specific part of a source instead of the page number.
Caption: Include the journal as holding copyright if none other is listed. Figure 3. Ware, P. Kulesz, V. Williams, J. Juranek, P.
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